Popular scientist of 21st Century Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking is the most amazing scientist of 21st century throughout the history of scientists who is no doubt a miracle of Almighty Allah.
This is no doubt a story of Courage and hope for those who always complain for the fate they have not been facilitated from the Almighty Allah. We all human being all over the world in any circumstances or scenario we believe Allah is the Almighty Power supernatural power controlling the whole world who have made everyone in this world everything in this world with a purpose no one is useless so if Allah have made us for a specific purpose we have to first find out that purpose if we at right time get triggered to that purpose then we become the most successful persons on this globe.
Where nature have obliged us with such a grateful chractricts there are few people on the globe who have lackness in few areas of their physical personality but the Nature have also assigned them the same values and some tasks. When we noticed around us few people having everything but do nothing and on the same hand some other having less features in their personality physically they are disabled but they do more than the physically full personal what is the reason. Right now we are going to explore the story of a person we have to solute him and definitely it is obliged by Nature but there is an effort of the person behind that as we know a man can have the things a man is actually for what he does efforts so the man with having disabilities in his life have done enough which complete persons can’t do so we have to think why we can’t do anything in our lives the things is we have to try for that definitely we will have when we do the right efforts yes I am talking about
Stephen Hawking who was born on 8th January 1942 in Oxford England. His parents’ house was in north London but during the second world war Oxford was considered a safer place to have babies. When he was eight his family moved to St. Albans, a town about 20 miles north of London. At the age of eleven, Stephen went to St. Albans School and then on to University College, Oxford (1952), his father’s old college. Stephen wanted to study mathematics although his father would have preferred medicine. Mathematics was not available at University College, so he pursued physics instead. After three years and not very much work, he was awarded a first class honor’s degree in natural science.
In October 1962, Stephen arrived at the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics (DAMTP) at the University of Cambridge to do research in cosmology, there being no working in that area in Oxford at that time. His supervisor was Dennis Sciama, although he had hoped to get Fred Hoyle who was working in Cambridge. After gaining his PhD (1965) with his thesis titled ‘Properties of Expanding Universes’, he became, first, a research fellow (1965) then Fellow for Distinction in Science (1969) at Gonville & Caius college. In 1966 he won the Adams Prize for his essay ‘Singularities and the Geometry of Space-time’. Stephen moved to the Institute of Astronomy (1968), later moving back to DAMTP (1973), employed as a research assistant, and published his first academic book, The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time, with George Ellis. During the next few years.
Stephen was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (1974) and Sherman Fairchild Distinguished Scholar at the California Institute of Technology (1974). He became a Reader in Gravitational Physics at DAMTP (1975), progressing to Professor of Gravitational Physics (1977). He then held the position of Lucasian Professor of Mathematics (1979-2009). The chair was founded in 1663 with money left in the will of the Reverend Henry Lucas who had been the Member of Parliament for the University. It was first held by Isaac Barrow and then in 1669 by Isaac Newton. Stephen is currently the Dennis Stanton Avery and Sally Tsui Wong-Avery Director of Research at DAMTP.
Professor Stephen Hawking has worked on the basic laws which govern the universe. With Roger Penrose he showed that Einstein’s general theory of relativity implied space and time would have a beginning in the Big Bang and an end in black holes (1970). These results indicated that it was necessary to unify general relativity with quantum theory, the other great scientific development of the first half of the 20th century. One consequence of such a unification that he discovered was that black holes should not be completely black, but rather should emit ‘Hawking’ radiation and eventually evaporate and disappear (1974). Another conjecture is that the universe has no edge or boundary in imaginary time. This would imply that the way the universe began was completely determined by the laws of science. Recently Stephen has been working with colleagues on a possible resolution to the black hole information paradox, where debate centres around the conservation of information.
His many publications include The Large Scale Structure of Spacetime with G F R Ellis, General Relativity: An Einstein Centenary Survey, with W Israel, and 300 Years of Gravitation, with W Israel. Among the popular books Stephen Hawking has published are his best seller A Brief History of Time, Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays, The Universe in a Nutshell, The Grand Design and My Brief History.
Professor Stephen Hawking has thirteen honorary degrees. He was awarded CBE (1982), Companion of Honour (1989) and the Presidential Medal of Freedom (2009). He is the recipient of many awards, medals and prizes, most notably the Fundamental Physics prize (2013), Copley Medal (2006) and the Wolf Foundation prize (1988). He is a Fellow of the Royal Society and a member of the US National Academy of Sciences and the Pontifical Academy of Sciences.
In 1963 Stephen was diagnosed with ALS, a form of Motor Neurone Disease, shortly after his 21st birthday. In spite of being wheelchair-bound and dependent on a computerized voice system for communication Stephen continues to combine family life (he has three children and three grandchildren) with his research into theoretical physics, in addition to an extensive programme of travel and public lectures. He still hopes to make it into space one day.
Yes this is story of courage for those who dont do anything in life due to having few problems we have an example who have nothing in his body but he did the great things which were hidden since long time lets start our journey our purpose of life form today and we have to explore us why Nature or Allah have made us and we will find the answer that is the main cause of human being and for us